The Dragonsbane Project
The Dragonsbane Project seeks to create a decentralized anonymous resource based on an ERC20 token to provide maximum personalization of health and wellness for all individuals using the system. Imagine a healthier world where you are in charge of your own healthcare data. Dragonsbane is not a company seeking to profit from your life; it is a project seeking to increase the profit of your life.
Need and Vision
Dragons to slay
We envision a future where each person’s wellness is so optimal as to require very little in the way of traditional healthcare. The approach to that singular moment will be characterized by increasing health and wellness at lower and lower cost until the singularity is reached. At that point wellness costs will be so small as to eliminate the need for any non-individual funding mechanism for almost all health related services required from others. But, there are dragons in the way.
The first dragon is the deliberate containment of what would otherwise be free-flowing knowledge. Current healthcare data is sequestered by those who say they own it by virtue of their having paid for the care. Examples are insurance companies or state run institutions that fund care. Their argument ignores the fact that the people whose lives created the data paid for the care through insurance premiums or taxes. This knowledge is treated as an asset of the owner rather than a commons and is not easily available to all wishing to advance people’s health and wellness. This is akin to a social media company utilizing unpaid-for, uploaded content to create a revenue stream from advertisers without the contributors benefiting in any way other than casual use of the network.
The second dragon stems from the historical limits of knowledge and the slowness of learning. We currently name disease states with low-granularity diagnoses such as diabetes or hypertension. These names become evocative of the research and assumptions attached to them as if they were monolithic, while, in fact, each person has a unique set of genetic, physical, and environmental factors that often change the meaning of their diagnosis and the most appropriate options. With limited computing power and limited time, it is understandable how this system developed, but a better way is available now.
The third dragon to slay is the current vision of cutting edge research produced by the researchers and those who fund them. Medicine identifies proper treatments for low-granularity diagnoses as described above. Where our current system does attempt greater granularity in diagnosis, it is usually done along lines having nothing to do with the underlying biology. This leads to massive amounts of wealth being spent to develop simple treatments for diagnoses that require more of a complex system of treatment. An example is probably required here. Say we study 200 people diagnosed with Illness X. Half are given treatment A and half treatment B. The results show that to a statistically significant degree 60% of those given treatment B were better while only 40% of those who got treatment A were improved. The results are published in premier journals saying that B is better than A for diagnosis X. But what we don’t hear about the subjects who got better with A and who didn’t with B. We never learn which would they have done well with the opposite treatment. In short, the current model of science gives us the better between two treatments when in fact what we each want to know is, “what do I need, along with what else, in what order and for how long?” This work requires great numbers (a large N) not generally accessible to funded studies. This funding limit illuminates the next dragon.
Currently funding, the fourth dragon, for medical research is mostly from government programs or for-profit pharmaceutical companies. The latter group requires a return on investment (ROI), and increasingly the former group is being asked to provide one as well. This ROI is generally seen as coming back in the form of profits or savings and requires, in most for-profit cases, that the information be corralled and controlled for best business use. For those not for profit, the ROI is sometimes quantified by successfully published studies. These publications are not controlled by new bright innovative thinkers, but by the established members of the field who don’t accept work that questions their own. This same group largely inhabits the funding boards of the federal grantors. This system inhibits the breakthrough in favor of the slow evolution with little change to the status quo.
Finally, the fifth dragon is our intermittent disease oriented method of care that has come about as the historical outcome of all we’ve discussed above. Physicians are mostly paid by insurance companies to provide treatment for illness states during compensated visits. These visits have become shorter and more disease focused as the past decades have gone by. Attempts at other cost structures have been met with “unforeseen” negative feedback loops that have actually increased cost, lowered availability of care, or degraded the quality of the physician/patient relationship.
It is important to note that the current situation is not the result of any nefarious intent. We have these dragons, not because someone sent them to plague us, but because this is the best we could have done with what we had. But we can do better now.
Another way forward
We live in a time of immense information flow and processing power. This gives us the capacity to solve large problems in shorter periods of time than ever before. However, data is segregated into pools mined by the owners for monetary value regardless of where the data came from. This privatization of individual data is akin to a single person gaining control of a commons. We can revitalize the commons so that those whose lives create the data can gain the benefit themselves.
Dragonsbane is a global, distributed AI ecosystem designed to produce highly individualized health and wellness options for its users. Dragonsbane is what will make possible the slaying of the dragons that currently prevent us from gaining progress toward our goal. By being distributed on the blockchain, the system can be constructed so that those who create the data benefit not only by the immediate answer but also by earning further rights to the system in the form of Dragonsbane Tokens (BANEs). Further, those sharing successful models and computing power for the system will also gain these rights for their work. This will incentivize the network to grow. As the system becomes larger the AI will become more accurate, and deliver more value to each of its members. Via network effects, BANE will increase in value, drawing more to the network, and enabling a spiraling virtuous circle.
The first use case derives from another dragon that requires slaying. The founder’s experience is in the world of addiction treatment and he believes that there is not only good treatment but that it’s possible to end the problem of addiction within his lifetime. One step on the way to that goal is to democratize and personalize addiction treatment, and that requires making people aware of their genetic individuality as they assess treatment options.
The founder created a genetic testing algorithm for sequencing medical treatment for addiction and previously sold it. He is developing a new, better system via a different method for implementation on Dragonsbane that will be published in a future version of this whitepaper. The seed model in the first instance will be the founder’s model that he will place in the Dragonsbane network. After the network is opened a model registry will be created, discussed below, and all other models that meet criteria will be accepted.
Envisioned System Interactions
Users will upload their data to the network via their anonymous wallet and receive a nominal payment in BANE for doing so. The BANE is the only payment the network accepts for the right to receive the options generated, so there will be a give and take. Users will also be able to earn BANE by giving feedback on the network about the options they and their treatment teams chose and the results of those efforts. Those results will feedback into the AI engine improving performance of the network. Users can re-query the network, using Bane, at any time to see if options have changed.
With the initial governance by the founding team, followed shortly by the Dragonsbane Foundation, the table will be set for a transition to a fully autonomous user governed network within 5-10 years of the first submission. With governance by users, paid for by users, Dragonsbane will have created a more responsive system of individual health and wellness with costs limited to those necessary to operate the system.
The BANE Token
Supply and creation
One billion BANE, divisible to 18 non-integer decimal places have been created as an ERC20 compliant contract and are currently held on a static address. No additional BANE will be created.
BANE will be distributed in a crowd source sale at a date to be announced. Funds derived in that sale will be used to build out future aspects of the network by the Dragonsbane Foundation, a non-profit foundation, to be formed to provide services to the network and facilitate the transition from centralized to fully decentralized operation and governance. The founder will retain a small amount (1,000,000BANE) and there will also be a small amount set aside for the development team and the Dragonsbane Foundation at the time of the closing of the crowd source sale. Unsold BANE will be burned following the end of the distribution.
Model Registry and Evolutionary Change
The Dragonsbane AI will be seeded with original sets of assumptions called a “model.” These essentially can be drawn by anyone from anywhere, but will likely be submitted mostly by experts in the healthcare arena or healthcare companies wishing to join the network. These models will be subjected to evolutionary change and continuous alteration by the AI engine so that even if someone tried to seed an inaccurate model, it would not have much effect for long in the output of Dragonsbane. Further, as all models entered into the registry are assumptions, whether meant well or not, they will all be subjected to the same empirical machine learning process.
Original models will be published as open source within the model registry. As new inputs and attachments are discovered by the AI engine, these will be published as well.
While the word infinite should be used with caution with regard to scaling, Dragonsbane is close to being infinitely scalable. With 10(25) indivisible fractions of BANE multiplied by their velocity, the network will eventually allow a future population of 10 billion people world-wide to make 10(15) transactions each if the value of each token scales to that degree.
Transactions within Dragonsbane
The BANE is the embodiment of the right to use the functions of the Dragonsbane Network. Users who submit their data inputs into the network will be rewarded with BANE. Users who allow the network to use their computing power will be rewarded with BANE. Users who submit feedback on Network derived options to improve the network will be rewarded with BANE. Users who submit models that successfully survive evolutionary feedback will be rewarded with BANE. Users who wish to receive and use the options produced by the Network will pay for that exclusively with BANE.
The Dragonsbane Network will not interfere in the free trading of BANE with any other good or service outside of the network. It may be that in the future those providing medical care or advice outside the Network may also accept BANE in exchange for their services. Such decisions on personal transferal of rights for services is beyond the scope of the Dragonsbane Network to comment on.
Future Development Map
Prior to the crowd sale:
An initial model will be developed and implemented as a simple personalized feedback system without AI. Also prior to the crowd sale the Dragonsbane Foundation will be formed and chartered and prepared to receive the results of the crowd sale. (In the first instance after deployment, when a person opens a wallet they will be able to upload their genetic data and will be granted some BANE in return. It is not envisioned that the original feedback system will earn BANE, but will instead be supported by the founder until the AI is developed. Additions to the founding team may change this timeline.)
At the crowd sale:
1,000,000 BANE will be granted the founder in exchange for his intellectual property and support of the project. Other small, but larger, percentages will be set aside for the development team and the Dragonsbane Foundation. Details await the formation of the team, but it is envisioned that these set asides for the development team and Foundation will of such a nature as to leave the crowd sourced volume at a super majority of around 80%. At the conclusion of the crowd sale distribution, all BANE not spoken for will be burned.
Post Crowd sale development – the first years
When the Dagonsbane Foundation receives its funding, it will set to work on the following milestones:
Continue fleshing out the governance board for the foundation
Development of a model integration registry
Development of the AI engine
Public work to promote the Dragonsbane Network
Post crowd sale development – years 5 – 10
Transition to full decentralized governance
At a future date during a one-week period of time, a crowd sale of BANE will occur at the price of 1,000 BANE to 1 ETH. As there are only 1,000,000,000 BANE in existence and no more will be created, that creates a maximum funding of BANE of 1,000,000 ETH. If less than 1,000,000 BANE is sold, ETH will be returned to the wallets that bought BANE and the founder's intellectual property will be returned to him.
The founder is holding back 1,000,000 BANE for himself, which will be the only compensation he will ever receive for any work on Dragonsbane.
Howard Wetsman, MD, DFASAM
Dr Wetsman has over 25 years of experience in treating addiction, and more importantly has been an innovative voice in moving addiction treatment into the 21st century. In 2009 he co-founded Townsend, which, along with its associated companies, sold in 2016 for $21 million dollars. Dr Wetsman’s singular vision regarding how our medical establishments have grown to actually make our medical problems worse rather than better inspired the Dragonsbane Project.
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This is only version 0.1 of this whitepaper. Please comment on dragonsbaneproject.org or on other sites on which we’re active to help us along in this quest to make us all healthier.
V0.1 First version published 8/17/2017
V0.11 An attempt to simplify language and put the purpose up front. Also note that there isn't a way to show exponents so exponents are shown in parentheses after 10. Minor grammatical corrections and clarifications. 8/19/2017
 Kuhn, TS. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press, 1962. Chicago, Il.
 White, W. Slaying the Dragon. Chestnut health Systems; 2nd ed (July 2014)